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Citizenship Application

What are the requirements for becoming a Canadian citizen?
Your eligibility for citizenship depends on your situation, such as

1 – permanent residents of Canada applying for:
yourself
your minor (under 18) child

2 – past Canadian citizens who want to get your Canadian citizenship back
this includes current and former Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) members

3-Canadians applying for citizenship for your adopted child born outside Canada

4- current or former CAF members applying under the fast-track process

Spouses of Canadian citizens

You don’t automatically become a citizen when you marry a Canadian. If you’re a spouse of a Canadian citizen, you:

  • don’t need to meet any special requirements
  • must meet the same eligibility requirements as other adults

Next steps

Let’s get your documents ready

Some documents take a long time to get, so you should get them ready now.

We can assist with submitting your profile. Contact a Toronto Immigration Lawyer today at Affinity Law and let us make things easy and less confusing for you.

Our unique and experienced immigration team helps individuals, families and businesses settle in Canada whether

Spousal Sponsorship

What it means to sponsor someone

When you agree to sponsor, you sign an undertaking, promising to give financial support for the basic needs of the people you’re sponsoring, and any of their dependent children.

Basic needs include: food, clothing, shelter and other needs for everyday living, dental care, eye care and other health needs not covered by public health services.

Before signing the undertaking agreement, you should make sure that those you sponsor won’t need to ask the government for financial help. If they receive social assistance, you’ll need to pay back what they received. You won’t be able to sponsor anyone else until you have repaid the amount.

The undertaking is a binding promise of support, meaning that it is your responsibility to support the applicant(s) for the length of the undertaking period even if your situation changes. For example, the undertaking won’t be cancelled even if:

  • the person you are sponsoring becomes a Canadian citizen
  • you become divorced, separated or your relationship with the sponsored person breaks down
  • you or the person you sponsor moves to another province or country
  • you have financial problems

The length of time you are legally responsible for the person you sponsor varies based on the type of family member you are sponsoring, and is either 3 or 10 years for non-residents of Quebec. Quebec has different undertaking length.

Who can become a sponsor

You can become a sponsor if you are:

  • at least 18 years old
  • a Canadian citizen, a person registered in Canada as an Indian under the Canadian Indian Act or a permanent resident living in Canada:
  • able to prove that you are not receiving social assistance for reasons other than a disability, and;
  • can provide for the basic needs of any person you are sponsoring (and in some limited situations, that you meet the low-income cut-off).

You can’t sponsor a spouse or partner if you:

  • were sponsored by a spouse or partner and you became a permanent resident less than 5 years ago
  • sponsored a previous spouse or partner and three years have not passed since this person became a permanent resident

Who you can sponsor

You can sponsor a:

Spouse, common-law partner or conjugal partner if:

  • they are at least 18 years old
  • your relationship is genuine (real) and wasn’t entered into just to get permanent resident status in Canada

If your spouse or common-law partner is applying in the Spouse or Common-law Partner in Canada class, they must already co-habit (live) with you in Canada.

Dependent child

If you’re sponsoring a spouse or partner, any dependent children should be listed on their application forms. If you are sponsoring one or more dependent child(ren) as the principal applicant(s), you must submit a complete set of application forms and documents for each child.

Next steps

Let’s get your documents ready

Some documents take a long time to get, so you should get them ready now.

We can assist with submitting your profile. Contact a Toronto Immigration Lawyer today at Affinity Law and let us make things easy and less confusing for you.

Our unique and experienced immigration team helps individuals, families and businesses settle in Canada whether

Work Permit

You can apply to work in Canada, extend a work permit or hire a foreign worker. You may need a permit depending on the type of work you will do in Canada. You can apply to work in Canada as a temporary worker, business person, and student.

Extend your work permit

Work permit extensions are for temporary workers or live-in caregivers, open work permits for those waiting on a permanent resident application. You can also travel and work in Canada as a youth. We can assist you with preparing to work, finding a job, exploring other career opportunities, get your credentials assessed and learn about language training.

Do you want to come to Canada, or extend your stay?

Do you want to work, study, visit, travel through or live permanently in Canada?

Each immigration program has different application and eligibility requirements about your:

  • nationality
  • age
  • language ability
  • family members
  • education
  • work experience
  • income and/or net worth
  • details on any job offer

Talk to us about above and based on your answers, we will tell you what programs you may be eligible for. If you are eligible, we will give you a detailed list of instructions on what to do next.

Canada wants entrepreneurs!

Canada’s new Start-Up Visa is the first of its kind in the world, linking immigrant entrepreneurs with experienced private sector organizations that have expertise in working with start-ups.

Canada wants entrepreneurs. Unlike programs in other countries, we do not provide “temporary” or “conditional” status. Successful applicants to this program will be able to immigrate to Canada as permanent residents with no conditions attached to the success of their business.

Do you want to build a dynamic company that can compete on a global scale? It starts in Canada. Talk to us and we can guide you on how to get this done.

The Canadian advantageCanada is open for business to the world’s start-up entrepreneurs. There are many reasons why Canada is the best place to build your business.

Strong economic growth: Forbes magazine rates Canada as the best country in the G-20 with which to do business. Canada has the strongest fiscal position in the G-7 and among the best fiscal prospects in the G-20.

Low taxes and low business costs: Canada offers a low-cost and low-tax environment so your business can thrive. Canada’s overall tax rate on new business investment is significantly lower than that of other G-7 countries. KPMG ranks Canada as the most tax competitive country in the G-7.

Excellence in research and innovation: Canada offers a winning environment for research and innovation, including world-leading research and development (R & D) infrastructure, scientific talent and innovation incentives. Combined federal and provincial credits can return to foreign investors, on average, up to 30 percent of their R & D investment in Canada.

Top quality of life: Canada’s top quality of life provides a great backdrop for the success of individuals, families and globally engaged companies. According to the World Bank, in 2011 Canadians enjoyed nearly the highest standard of living in the G-20. Canada is home to a highly educated, flexible and multicultural work force.

How can I qualify?

Before applying, you will need to secure a commitment from a designated Canadian angel investor group or venture capital fund to invest in your business idea.

Citizenship and Immigration Canada has collaborated with Canada’s Venture Capital and Private Equity Association, the National Angel Capital Organization and the Canadian Acceleration and Business Incubation Association to identify the

participating private sector organizations. A list can be found online at cic.gc.ca/startup.

To apply for the Start-Up Visa, contact us and we can assist in determining if your business idea is worth investing in.

Once you have a commitment, then you can apply to Citizenship and Immigration Canada to immigrate through the program.

In addition to passing standard health and security criteria, you will need to demonstrate your ability to communicate in either English or French, that you have completed one year of study at a post-secondary institution, and that you have enough money to live on while establishing your business.

Next steps

Let’s get your documents ready

We can assist with submitting your profile. Contact a Toronto Immigration Lawyer today at Affinity Law and let us make things easy and less confusing for you.

Our unique and experienced immigration team helps individuals, families and businesses settle in Canada whether

Post-Graduation Work Permit Program (PGWPP)

The PGWPP allows students who have graduated from eligible Canadian designated learning institutions to obtain an open work permit to gain valuable Canadian work experience. Skilled Canadian work experience in the national occupational code A, O or B that is gained through the PGWPP helps graduates qualify for permanent residence in Canada through the Canadian experience class, within Express Entry.

Next steps

Let’s get your documents ready

You need documents, such as language test results, to show that you’re eligible for Express Entry. Some documents take a long time to get, so you should get them ready now.

We can assist with submitting your profile. Contact a Toronto Immigration Lawyer today at Affinity Law and let us make things easy and less confusing for you.

Our unique and experienced immigration team helps individuals, families and businesses settle in Canada whether

Student Visas including post graduate work permit

Eligibility requirements

You can study in Canada if you:

  • are enrolled at a designated learning institution (DLI)
  • show proof that you have enough money to pay for your:
    • tuition fees
    • living expenses for yourself and any family members who come with you to Canada and
    • return transportation for yourself and any family members who come with you to Canada
  • obey the law, have no criminal record and not be a risk to the security of Canada. You may have to provide a police certificate.
  • are in good health. You may need to complete a medical exam.
  • convince an immigration officer that you will leave Canada at the end of your studies.

Get your study permit faster through the Student Direct Stream

Do you live in China, India, the Philippines or Vietnam? You might be able to get your study permit faster by using the Student Direct Stream.

While studying in Canada you must:

  • make progress towards completing your program
  • respect any conditions listed on your study permit
  • stop studying if you no longer meet the requirements and
  • leave Canada when your permit expires

Depending on your case, there may be conditions on your study permit such as:

  • if you’re allowed to work in Canada
  • if you’re allowed to travel within Canada
  • the date you must stop studying
  • People who don’t need a permit to study in Canada

Most foreign nationals need a study permit to study in Canada. You can study at any school in Canada without a study permit if:

  • your course or program is for six months or less
  • your studies aren’t part of a longer program and
  • you will complete all your studies within the time we approved you to stay in Canada (usually six months after you enter).

Work part-time on-campus

You can work part-time on-campus if you are registered as a full-time student at a college or university.

Our unique and experienced immigration team helps individuals, families and businesses settle in Canada whether

Canadian Experience Class

The Canadian Experience Class is for skilled workers who have Canadian work experience and want to become permanent residents.

This is 1 of the 3 federal programs managed through Express Entry

Minimum requirements

You must meet the required language levels needed for your job for each language ability (writing, reading, listening, speaking) and have at least 1 year of skilled work experience in Canada, in the last 3 years before you apply.

The work experience must be: full-time or an equal amount in part-time and have gained your work experience by working in Canada legally.

According to the Canadian National Occupational Classification, skilled work experience means: managerial jobs (skill level 0), professional jobs (skill type A) and technical jobs and skilled trades (skill type B).

You must show that you performed the duties set out in the lead statement of the occupational description in the National Occupational Classification. This includes all the essential duties and most of the main duties listed.

Self-employment and student work experience

Self-employment and work experience gained while you were a full-time student (such as a co-op work term) doesn’t count under this program.

Education

There is no education requirement for the Canadian Experience Class. But, if you want to improve your rank in the Express Entry pool, there are 2 ways you can do this.

If you went to school in Canada, you can get points for a certificate, diploma or degree from a Canadian:

  • secondary (high school) or
  • post-secondary school

OR

If you have foreign education, you can get points for:

  • a completed foreign credential, and
  • an Educational Credential Assessment report from an approved agency showing that your education is equal to a completed certificate, diploma or degree from a Canadian:
    • secondary (high school) or
    • post-secondary school

Language ability

You must:

  • meet the minimum language level of:
    • Canadian Language Benchmark 7 for NOC 0 or A jobs or
    • Canadian Language Benchmark 5 for NOC B jobs
  • take approved language tests for:
    • writing
    • reading
    • listening
    • speaking

Your language tests are valid for 2 years after the date of the test result and must be valid on the day you apply for permanent residence.

Next steps

Let’s get your documents ready

You need documents, such as language test results, to show that you’re eligible for Express Entry. Some documents take a long time to get, so you should get them ready now.

We can assist with submitting your profile. Contact a Toronto Immigration Lawyer today at Affinity Law and let us make things easy and less confusing for you.

Our unique and experienced immigration team helps individuals, families and businesses settle in Canada whether

Foreign Skilled Worker Class

This program is for skilled workers with foreign work experience who want to immigrate to Canada permanently.

This is 1 of the 3 federal programs managed through Express Entry

How this program works

This program has minimum requirements for:

  1. skilled work experience
  2. language ability
  3. education

You must meet all the minimum requirements to be eligible.

Selection factors

If you meet all the minimum requirements, they then assess your application based on:

  • Age
  • Education
  • Work experience
  • Whether you have a valid job offer
  • English and/or French language skills
  • Adaptability (how well you’re likely to settle here)

These factors are part of a 100-point grid used to assess eligibility for the Federal Skilled Worker Program. You earn points for how well you do in each of the 6 factors.

The current pass mark is 67 points.

Once you’re in the Express Entry pool, Immigration Canada uses a different system to rank your profile. They select the highest-ranking candidates from the pool and invite them to apply for permanent residence.

Minimum requirements

Skilled work experience

Skilled work experience means you’ve worked in 1 of these National Occupational Classification (NOC) job groups:

  • Managerial jobs (skill type 0)
  • Professional jobs (skill level A)
  • Technical jobs and skilled trades (skill level B)

You must show that while working in your primary occupation you performed the duties set out in the lead statement of the occupational description in the NOC. This includes all the essential duties and most of the main duties listed.

Your skilled work experience must be:

  • in the same type of job (have the same NOC) as the job you want to use for your immigration application (called your primary occupation)
  • within the last 10 years
  • paid work (This means you must have been paid wages or earned commission. Volunteer work or unpaid internships don’t count.)
  • at least 1 year of continuous work or 1,560 hours total (30 hours per week). You can meet this in a few different ways:
    • full-time at 1 job: 30 hours/week for 12 months = 1 year full time (1,560 hours)
    • equal amount in part-time: 15 hours/week for 24 months = 1 year full time (1,560 hours)
    • full-time at more than 1 job: 30 hours/week for 12 months at more than 1 job = 1 year full time (1,560 hours)

For part-time work, you can work more or less than 15 hours/week as long as it adds up to 1,560 hours.

Language ability

You must:

  • take approved language tests in English or French for:
    • writing
    • reading
    • listening
    • speaking
  • get a minimum score of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 7 in all 4 abilities
  • enter the test results in your Express Entry profile

Your language tests are valid for 2 years after the date of the test result. They must be valid on the day you apply for permanent residence.

Education

If you went to school in Canada, you must have a certificate, diploma or degree from a Canadian:

  • secondary (high school) or
  • post-secondary school

If you have foreign education, you must have:

Proof of funds

You must show that you have enough money for you and your family to settle in Canada, unless you:

Admissibility

You must be admissible to Canada.

Where you can live in Canada

You must plan to live outside the province of Quebec. The province of Quebec selects its own skilled workers. If you plan on living in Quebec, see Quebec-selected skilled workers for more information.

Next steps

Let’s get your documents ready

You need documents, such as language test results, to show that you’re eligible for Express Entry. Some documents take a long time to get, so you should get them ready now.

We can assist with submitting your profile. Contact a Toronto Immigration Lawyer today at Affinity Law and let us make things easy and less confusing for you.

Our unique and experienced immigration team helps individuals, families and businesses settle in Canada whether

Express Entry

How Express Entry works

Express Entry is an online system that is used to manage applications for permanent residence from skilled workers.
There are two ways to find out if you’re eligible for a program that is part of Express Entry

Let’s get your documents ready

You need documents, such as language test results, to show that you’re eligible for Express Entry. Some documents take a long time to get, so you should get them ready now.

We can assist with submitting your profile

Your Express Entry profile is where you give us information about yourself.

If you’re eligible, we’ll accept you into our pool of candidates.

You’ll be ranked in the Express Entry pool using a points-based system. Your score is based on the information in your profile.

Invitations for permanent residence

Canada Immigration sends invitations to apply to the candidates with the highest scores in the pool. If they invite you to apply, you’ll have 60 days to submit your application for permanent residence.

They process most complete applications that have all the supporting documents in 6 months or less.